Monthly Newsletter

St. Mary’s Parish
Polish National Catholic Church
365 Burrows Ave. Winnipeg, MB R2W 1Z9
Tel. (204) 586-3825

Rev. Tadeusz Czelen – Pastor




St Mary’s Parish, Polish National Catholic Church has been an integral part of the Winnipeg Community for the past 117 years. We hope to continue our growth in service to God and community. This commitment manifests itself in a regular devotional and prayer life and a greater participation in both ecumenical and community activities. At St. Mary’s Parish, our primary emphasis is on the Parish family.
All who belong sense this family spirit, expressed in a real love and concern for one another.  Our pastor makes a point to know each family on a one-to one basis.
Thus the spiritual health and vitality of all parishioners and all our friends is supported by both pastor and laity. We invite you to join our Parish family! If you are looking for a Parish and are considering St. Mary’s, feel free to talk with any parishioner about it. We will introduce you to our family in all its wonderful aspects – a family whose real strength lies in our personal and real relationship to Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior. We express this faith in our Church through our liturgy which is Catholic and traditional, shared between priest and laity.
We demonstrate this faith in the prayerful material and emotional support we give one another. We share this faith in a Church rooted in democratic principles and a Church constitution giving laity full rights and due process in matters financial, administrative and material.
OUR PARISH…firm in faith, Catholic, democratic, and open to the growth that comes as more join our family.

mass intentions3

10:00AM – † Władysław, Józef Julia

BROTHERLY LOVE, September 12, 2021
10:00AM – † Marianna Stanisław, Anna

September 19, 2021
10:00AM – † Janina, Jan, Kukuła

September 26, 2021
10:00AM – † Zofia, Wojciech



Dear Fellow Parishioner:
Few month ago, all parishioners received letter from Parish Chairman Ted Maciurzynski regarding 2021 Significance Campaign. This year we’ll focus on funding on-going expenses – utilities, insurance and taxes. Only these expenses cost us almost 16 thousand dollars per year. Please, help us! We are asking for financial help, because without these necessary expenses, the parish cannot exist. We cannot pay taxes, gas, hydro, water or insurance. These expenses must be paid to keep this church open. As always, all donations to the Significance campaign stay in your church and all donations are fully tax deductible. Thank you to all who have donated to this campaign in past years. I know you will see the Significance of this campaign. This year, I encourage you to be generous and continue to demonstrate how Significant this church is for you.


Sunday Masses as announced. Examples of the Mass intention are: for the Sick, in remembrance of the faithful departed (especially parents, grandparents, relatives), to ask God’s Grace, Birthdays and Anniversaries. To make arrangements, please contact Father Czelen.
Sacrament of Baptism – Arrangements should be made at least two weeks prior the ceremony. Only practicing Christians should be chosen as godparents.
Sacrament of Matrimony – Arrangements should be made at least six months in advance.
Emergencies, Sickness and deaths – please contact to the rectory immediately.
Receiving the Holy Eucharist – those who believe in the true presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist are invited to partake of this Holy Sacrament. It is the practice of the PNCC to distribute the Holy Eucharist through the method of intinction. The Body and Blood of Christ are placed on the tongue, not in the hand.
Sacrament of the sick – If there is anyone at home who cannot get to Mass and the Sacraments because of illness or age, please call the parish office at anytime to request the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick.

liturgical calendar2


September 8 – Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Nativity of Mary3
The Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary was celebrated at least by the sixth century, when St. Romanos the Melodist, an Eastern Christian who composed many of the hymns used in the Eastern Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies composed a hymn for the feast. The feast spread to Rome in the seventh century, but it was a couple more centuries before it was celebrated throughout the West.
The source for the story of the birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the Protoevangelium of James, an apocryphal gospel written about A.D. 150. From it, we learn the names of Mary’s parents, Joachim and Anna, as well as the tradition that the couple was childless until an angel appeared to Anna and told her that she wouldNativity of Mary4 conceive. (Many of the same details appear also in the later apocryphal Gospel of the Nativity of Mary.)
The traditional date of the feast, September 8, falls exactly nine months after the feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary. Perhaps because of its close proximity to the feast of the Assumption of Mary, the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is not celebrated today with the same solemnity as the Immaculate Conception. It is, nonetheless, a very important feast, because it prepares the way for the birth of Christ.

September 12 – Brotherly Love
Brotherly love 1
The Solemnity of Brotherly Love is observed by the PNCC on the second Sunday of September. On this day members of the PNCC strive to increase their faith and spirituality, and their love for all God’s people, they express a desire to live daily the Two Commandments of Love.
This Solemnity was set aside by the Synod of our Church in Chicago in 1914. The General Synod established this day for the faithful of the Church in order to remember the great commandment of God that is to love your neighbor as you love yourself.
During the Holy Sacrifice of Mass on This solemnity, we read the Gospel except from Luke 10:25-37, the parable of the Good Samaritan. That parable begins when a Brotherly love 5lawyer stood up and began to test Jesus by asking Him – what must I do to inherit eternal life?
Jesus said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?”
He answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with your entire mind; and your neighbor as yourself.”
And Jesus said to him, “You have given the right answer; do this, and you will live.”
And the lawyer then wanted to justify himself by asking,” Who is my neighbor?”
And we all know the rest of the story about the Samaritan man who had pity and assisted the man who was robbed and beaten and left by the roadside. The Samaritan was truly the neighbor of the victim who was robbed.
Brotherly love 3It is not every day that we have the opportunity to help someone who encountered such a situation as the man who was robbed. But, each and every one of us has numerous opportunities every day to show compassion and love toward others.
We can help people who are in need by praying for them and also by giving some material help.
Lots of people around us, members of our families, friends, and people who lost everything need our material and spiritual help. We have to remember them. We cannot leave them alone.
The Solemnity of Brotherly Love gives as hints and direction what we have to do and what is our Christian responsibility for each other.
We must remember what Jesus said in today’s Gospel – “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.”Brotherly love 2
Jesus once said, “do to others what you would have them do to you” (Matthew 7:12). We call it the Golden Rule, and like everything that is golden, we seldom use it in life. Yes. We would love to act like the Good Samaritan, but it is too demanding and time consuming. We have to get out of the crowd, risk unexpected consequences, and spend our resources. Yes. It is risky; it is demanding. But, is there an alternative? Rushing to our business, experiencing the compassion fatigue or even feeling hopeless at the amount of pain and suffering around us are poor excuses from getting involved to help others. A Chinese proverb says that “a single spark can start a bush fire.” We may not be able to change the world, but we surely can save somebody’s life. Besides, let us not forget this simple truth. One day it will be us who will cry for help, and we would love to see others getting involved.

September 14 – Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Exaltation of the cross3
On the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (or Triumph of the Cross) we honor the Holy Cross by which Christ redeemed the world. The public veneration of the Cross of Christ originated in the fourth century, according to early accounts. The miraculous discovery of the cross on September 14, 326, by Saint Helen, mother of Constantine, while she was on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, is the origin of the tradition of celebrating the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross on this date. Constantine later built the Church of the Holy Sepulchre on the site of her discovery of the cross. On this same pilgrimage she ordered two other churches built: one in Bethlehem near the Grotto of the Nativity, the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem.
In the Western Church the feast came into prominence in the seventh century — after 629, when the Byzantine emperor Heraclitus restored the Holy Cross to Jerusalem, after defeating the Persians who had stolen it.Exaltation of the cross2
Christians “exalt” (raise on high) the Cross of Christ as the instrument of our salvation. Adoration of the Cross is, thus, adoration of Jesus Christ, the God Man, who suffered and died on this Roman instrument of torture for our redemption from sin and death. The cross represents the One Sacrifice by which Jesus, obedient even unto death, accomplished our salvation. The cross is a symbolic summary of the Passion, Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ — all in one image.
The Cross — because of what it represents — is the most potent and universal symbol of the Christian faith. It has inspired both liturgical and private devotions: for example, the Sign of the Cross, which is an invocation of the Holy Trinity; the “little” Sign of the Cross on head, lips and heart at the reading of the Gospel; praying the Stations (or Way) of the Cross; and the Veneration of the Cross by the faithful on Good Friday by kissing the feet of the image of Our Savior crucified.
Placing a crucifix (the cross with an image of Christ’s body upon it) in churches and homes, in classrooms of Catholic schools and in other Catholic institutions, or Exaltation of the cross4wearing this image on our persons, is a constant reminder — and witness — of Christ’s ultimate triumph, His victory over sin and death through His suffering and dying on the Cross.
We remember Our Lord’s words, “He who does not take up his cross and follow me is not worthy of me. He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for my sake shall find it” (Mt 10:38,39). Meditating on these words we unite ourselves — our souls and bodies — with His obedience and His sacrifice; and we rejoice in this inestimable gift through which we have the hope of salvation and the glory of everlasting life.

September 15 – Holy Mother of Sorrow
Holy Mother of sorrow3
Our Lady of Sorrows, the Sorrowful Mother or Mother of Sorrows (Mater Dolorosa), and Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows are names by which the Blessed Virgin Mary is referred to in relation to sorrows in her life. As Mater Dolorosa, it is also a key subject for Marian art in the Catholic Church.
The Seven Sorrows of Mary are a popular Catholic devotion. There are devotional prayers which consist of meditation on her Seven Sorrows. Examples include the rosary, or the Chaplet of the Seven Sorrows of Our Lady and the Seven Joys of Mary. The term “Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary” refers to the combined devotion of both the Immaculate Heart and the Seven Sorrows of Mary.
The Seven Sorrows (or Dolors) are events in the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary which are a popular devotion.
It is a common devotion for Catholics to say daily one Our Father and seven Hail Mary’s for each.

1. The Prophecy of Simeon. (Luke 2:34-35) or the Circumcision of ChristHoly Mother of sorrow1
2. The Flight into Egypt. (Matthew 2:13)
3. The loss of the child Jesus in the Temple. (Luke 2:43-45)
4. Mary meets Jesus on the way to Calvary.
5. Jesus dies on the cross. (John 19:25)
6. Mary receives the body of Jesus in her arms. (Matthew 27:57-59)
7. The body of Jesus is placed in the tomb. (John 19:40-42)

September 21 – Matthew, Apostle/Evangelist
St. Matthew was born at Capernaum. He was working as a tax collector when Jesus called him to be one of the twelve apostles. He wrote his gospel in Hebrew. His gospel, with its familiar references to the messianic prophecies, throws light on the continuity between the covenants. Moreover, his vocation is one of the most popular episodes in the life of Jesus, because of the personality of the one called the tax collector and the revelation of redeeming love that concludes and crowns the story. Matthew’s position as tax collector equated with collaboration with the enemy by those from whom he collected taxes. Jesus’ contemporaries were surprised to see Christ with a traitor, but Jesus explained that he had come “not to call the just, but sinners.”
“Mark and Luke call Matthew by his Jewish name Levi and Mark says that he was “the son of Alphaeus” (Mark 2:14). He may have been the brother of James, who is also called the “the son of Alphaeus” (Mark 3:18). The name Matthew means “gift of Yahweh” and it is possible that he was given this name when he followed Jesus.
Because of his profession, Jews of strict observance would have nothing to do with him, for he fell under a religious ban. He was despised by the Pharisees who hated all publicans (tax collectors for the Romans). Therefore, his response to the call of Jesus to follow him is all the more remarkable, as he stood up at once, “leaving everything behind” (Luke 5: 28).Matthew2
Matthew’s Gospel is given pride of place in the canon of the New Testament, and was written to convince Jewish readers that their anticipated Messiah had come in the person of Jesus. He preached among the Jews for 15 years; his audiences may have included the Jewish enclave in Ethiopia, and places in the East.
In art, St. Matthew is represented by an angel holding a pen or an inkwell.
Saint Matthew is the patron of: accountants, bankers, bookkeepers, customs officers, financial officers, guards, money managers, Salerno, Italy, security forces, security guards, stockbrokers, tax collectors, the diocese of Trier, Germany.

September 29 – Michael, Archangel
Michael Archangel3
St. Michael, who ranks among the seven archangels, is also one of the three angels mentioned by name in the Scriptures, the others being St. Raphael and St. Gabriel. St. Michael is spoken of twice in the Old Testament, and twice in the New. The first reference occurs in the Book of Daniel, where Michael comes to comfort Daniel after he has had a vision, and promises to be his helper in all things. In chapter 12 Michael is called “the great prince, who protects your people”. In these references Michael is represented as Israel’s great support during the seventy years of the Babylonian captivity. Daniel, wise and holy leader that he was, wanted his people to understand that God had not forgotten them, and that, even though enslaved, they had a royal champion. In the New Testament (Jude 9), we are told that Michael disputed with the devil over the body of Moses; this episode is not mentioned elsewhere in the Bible.
In the Apocalypse (chapter 12) we find the most dramatic reference to St. Michael. Michael Archangel1Here John recounts the great battle in Heaven, when the wicked angels under Lucifer revolt against God, and how Michael, leading the faithful angels, defeats the hosts of evil and drives them out. Because of this victory, St. Michael is revered in Catholic tradition and liturgy as the protector of the Church, as once he was regarded as the protector of the Israelites. In the Eastern Church, as well as among many theologians in the West, St Michael is placed over all the angels, as prince of the Seraphim. He is the special patron of sick people, mariners, and grocers; in Asia Minor many curative springs were dedicated to him. His cult has also been popular in Egypt, Rome, France, and Germany. His emblems are a banner, a sword, a dragon, and scales. The name Michael is a variation of Micah, meaning in Hebrew, “Who is like God?”

candleanimatedavatarWe have been asked to keep the following people in our prayers: Michael Prach, Helena & Mikołaj Benczarski, Christina Walton, Helen Chmielowiec, Walter & Stella Maciurzynski, Konstanty Jackiewicz, Very Rev. Waclaw Cwieka, Christine Maciurzynski, Marianna Janiszewska, Anne & Marion Tylipski, Jessie Chorniuk, Frank Favoni, Walter Fedon, Frank Payonk, Veronika Sosnowski, Eleanore Dutkevich.

September Birthdays: Dzwonek Zygmunt /06/, Gatiwan Ivy /11/, Fedon Donna /14/, Mischuk Myron /19/, Janecki Piotr /20/, Madayag Imelda /25/, Runez Bianca /26/, Peltier Randy /29/, Janecki Zofia /30/, Peltier Logan /30/
September Wedding Anniversary: Mischuk Myron & Katie /01/, Peltier Randy & Cheryl /05/, Cabanlong Mark & Sharon /27/, Runez Jasper & Bianca /28/

prayers for sick1
The following are our brothers and sisters of St. Mary`s who are currently homebound, suffering from chronic illness, in recovery or in need of special prayers. Especially: Sofia Wolejszo, Chantalle Witon, Helena Wolejszo, Lloyd Mazur, Myron Mischuk, Bernice Payonk, Rose Budzinski, Janina Dzwonek, Mary Skrypetz, Patricia and Claude Caya, Lorraine Fedon, Helen Krokosh, Josie Jackiewicz, Larry Golembioski, Mary Golembioski, Donna Fedon, Rev. Tadeusz Czelen, Gail Grywinski, Lena Skrzenta, Grażyna Markiewicz, Zofia Janecki, Epitacia Nykoluk.

Dear God. Hear our prayers for the sick members of our community and for all who are in special need at this time. Amid mental and physical suffering, may they find consolation in Your healing presence. Show Your mercy as You close wounds, cure illness, make broken bodies whole and free downcast spirits. May these special people find lasting health and deliverance, and with them, may we thank You for all Your gifts. We ask this through the Lord Jesus who healed those who believed. Amen.

I have been receiving quite a few questions lately regarding the benefits of paid membership in the Polish National Catholic Church. According to the Constitution of the PNCC, there are 2 levels of membership: what is commonly referred to as Membership of the Baptized and Full Membership. Membership of the Baptized consists of attendance and support of the local PNCC parish. This includes participation in the Sacraments, activities and so forth. Full membership includes the paying of dues to the General Church and Diocese. With this comes the ability to participate fully in the life and governance of the Parish and General Church. One is allowed to vote at the Parish Annual meeting, run for Parish Committee, Diocesan and General Church offices and join fully in building the Polish National Catholic Church.
Also, as a matter of justice, we who fully believe in the mission and existence of the PNCC have an obligation to support it at all levels. As a Democratic Church, all levels of the Church are supported solely by the members. Not only the bills of the parish, which should be taken care of by each family’s tithe each week, but the Diocese, who oversees the parishes of each region, and the General Church, need to be funded by the dues that are paid by the members of each parish. I would encourage each person who hasn’t already done so to either pay their dues or arrange a payment plan with Maria Germinario, whom you can talk to confidentially about this. As a Democratic Church, we have both rights and obligations. The dues are an obligation that we have to insure our continued existence. If you have not yet done so, please see me for information on becoming a member. There are many benefits for both you and the parish, so plan on talking to Fr. Czelen soon!

Anointing of the sick2
There has been, historically, some misunderstandings put forth regarding the Sacrament of Anointing, sometimes referred to as Extreme Unction or Last Rights. In fact, the ‘Last Rights’ while involving the Sacrament of Anointing, is not the same thing. It is a sacramental procedure immediately preceding impending death, and is reserved for that purpose. The Sacrament of Anointing is to help us heal. St. James, in his letter, wrote that the sick should come to the priest of the church and have hands laid on them and be anointed with oil. This is for any type of malady that we might have. While it can include something as mundane as the common cold (and I would not refuse the Sacrament to anyone who asked for it), usually, we would approach for the Sacrament if it was something more unusual or persistent. The list is endless, but it includes any physical or mental problems that we might have. Do not be afraid of asking the Priest to anoint you if you are not feeling well, and do not be offended if a priest finds out you are ill and asks if you want to be anointed. It does not mean that he thinks you’re dying, but that he wants to bring in Jesus, the Divine Physician, to make a house call on you and help you to be on the mend.

mass intentions2An individual may ask a priest to offer a Mass for several reasons: for example, in thanksgiving, for the intentions of another person (such as on a birthday), or, as is most common, for the repose of the soul of someone who has died. Requesting a Mass is a special way of remembering a loved one, celebrating an anniversary, making an act of thanksgiving, offering your prayer intentions before God or simply sharing in the feasts and seasons of the Church year. If you would like to have a Mass celebrated for a special request, on behalf of a family member, a friend, or a deceased loved one, you are encouraged to contact Fr. Czelen for scheduling the Mass.

For those who do not know, our parish has a cemetery located at 360 McIvor Ave. This beautiful setting is replete with the history and memory of those who served our parish and worshiped with us.  If you and your family are at the stage of pre-planning for your Christian funeral and other matters, please consider a resting place in our Catholic Cemetery. If you have questions in relation to these issues, please see Fr. Czelen. Thank you to all the individuals who have helped us to continue what has been an incredibly challenging task of maintaining our Parish Cemetery. None of it would have been possible without your encouragement, your advocacy for us, and your practical and financial support. However, we need your continued support in order to preserve this beautiful site. The cemetery is an irreplaceable part of our cultural heritage, but many of the historic and artistic grave markers are endangered as a result of serious vandalism and neglect. Although Cemetery is owned and managed by St. Mary’s Parish, grave markers are private property, and owners are accountable for repair and maintenance. Some family members have faithfully overseen the upkeep of their loved ones’ graves for many years. However, as families have moved away and descendants have passed on, a number of graves have been neglected. A great deal of professional and volunteer conservation work has been performed on damaged headstones, but every year additional grave markers are affected by problems associated with age, ground settling, and vandalism. Parish Cemetery has come a long way, but there is still much work to be done. Your tax-deductible contribution will help us to preserve this cultural treasure by providing funds to help pay for much-needed conservation work on the grave markers, as well as provide necessary tools, equipment and other improvements in the historic cemetery. Please include your name and address with your donation so that we can send an acknowledgment letter and tax deduction information. Your gifts are very important to the operation of the cemetery. Each donation, no matter how large or small, makes a difference. We work to keep expenses down, and with your help we’ll continue to have a beautiful historic cemetery. One of the nicest things you can do to honor those buried in the cemetery is to make a donation to St. Mary’s Cemetery for the maintenance and upkeep of their final resting place. Thank you for your concern and support.


Many of our cemetery plots include perimeter concrete curbs, delineating the edges from neighboring plots.  These curbs are challenging the efficiency of the maintenance of lawn care and we have experienced damage to our grass cutting equipment as a result of trimming around these curbs.  Additionally, these curbs frequently do not penetrate into the ground significantly, and are often settling and cracking.  This is detrimental to the general appearance of the cemetery.
To address these problems, the parish committee has decided to continue removing the curbs, as part of ongoing perpetual care.  This will be a phased implementation, occurring over the next number of years, until the curbs are removed.
If you have concerns regarding this maintenance initiative to improve our cemetery, please contact the parish committee chairman.

To all who continue to pray, sacrifice, and serve in Christian love and charity on behalf of our parish.  To the members of our Parish Committee for their hard work and sacrifice. To our wonderful lectors, altar servers, our organist and choir director Ted. To every parishioner, visitor, and member – you are a blessing and a treasure. God bless you and reward you! Bóg zapłać! Thank you!!!

join us1
Why do people select a particular church? A convenient location?  Yes. A good speaker in the pulpit? Yes. Inspiring music? Yes. An attractive building? Yes.
But a more essential element in attracting visitors, newcomers and prospective members is friendliness — both in the pew and throughout the community. Where there is a warm, dynamic congregation with an enthusiasm that’s contagious, visitors will usually be found, and will return. A church can buy many advantages with money, such as nice buildings, trained leadership, effective advertising and an abundance of supplies for spiritual and social use. But old-fashioned friendliness, of which the world is sorely in need, can’t be purchased with money. It comes only from the hearts of dedicated people who love God and enjoy helping others feel at home in their church.


back to school prayer1Lord, I pray that you be with every child that is returning back to school this year.  Protect them as they wait at the bus stop, ride the bus, travel by car, or walk to school.  Keep them safe from dangers seen and unseen. Help our school crossing guards and bus drivers to remain attentive on their jobs.
Give our children favor with their teachers and help them to pay attention in class. Let this be their best year yet for academics, sports, and fine arts.
Be with our children’s teachers this year.  Help them to teach in ways that each student can understand.  Let them have reasonable expectations of our children and give them patience whenever their patience meter is running low.  Bless the teachers with administrative support whenever needed.
Help our children to stand against peer pressure.  Empower them to make decisions that will be pleasing in your sight.  Surround them with good friends that are positive influences.  Keep drugs and alcohol out of their reach. Protect our children from bullies and those that mean them harm. Help them to work out their problems instead of fighting with each other.back to school prayer2
And finally Lord, help us as parents to be even more supportive of our children this year.  Strengthen our discernment.  Let us know when something is going on with our children.  Help us to keep them on track with their homework and study time. Help us to remember all of the subjects that we took many years ago so that we can be effective in helping our children complete their homework. Provide for us financially so that we can allow our children to go on field trips, buy school yearbooks and pictures, have appropriate clothing for the seasons, school supplies, or whatever else our children need to enhance their educational experience.  Give us favor on our jobs so that we may be able to attend activities that our children may have during the work day. Remind us of the need to pray daily for our children. Amen


Invasion 1On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany launched an invasion of Poland. Two days later, Polish allies Britain and France declared war on Germany, marking the start of World War II.
In the early morning hours, 1.5 million German troops invaded Poland by air and by land, unleashing the first “blitzkrieg,” a strategy meaning “lightning war.” Planes, tank and air forces were deployed with stunning speed, and troops destroyed railroads and communications stations, infiltrated strongholds by posing as Polish military officers, and killed enemies with explosives, guns and even sabers.
Hours after the attack, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler went before the Reichstag and claimed that Germany had launched an attack in response to Polish Invasion 3aggressiveness. “For the first time Polish regular soldiers fired on our own territory,” he said. “Since 5:45 a.m. we have been returning the fire, and from now on bombs will be met with bombs.”
France and England declared war against Germany on September 3, but their support was nominal at best. Neither country deployed significant military forces until the next year, leaving Poland alone in its defense.
Although it had an army of more than 700,000, Poland was unprepared for the blitzkrieg tactics. Its army was built around the tactics of World War I and it could not deploy its troops quickly enough to defend against the more powerful German forces.
Invasion 4Any hopes of repelling the invasion were dashed on September 17, when the Soviet Red Army invaded from east. Many Polish soldiers fled to Romania and formed resistance forces. By the end of September, Germany and the Soviet Union had control of the country. The last organized Polish resistance was defeated on October 6.

A song of the soldiers of Westerplatte
by Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński (1905-1953)
-translated by Walter Whipple

When their days had been filled
and it was time to die in the summer,
They went straight to heaven in a coach-and-four,
the soldiers of Westerplatte.

(Summer was beautiful that year.)

They sang: “Ah, ‘tis nothing
that our wounds were so painful,
for now it is sweet to walk
the heavenly fields.”

(On earth that year there was plenty of heather for bouquets.)

In Gdansk we stood like a wall
in defiance of the German offensive,
now we soar among the clouds,
we soldiers of Westerplatte.

Those with keen sense of sight
and sound are said to have heard
in the clouds the measured step
of the Maritime Batallion.

This was the song they heard: “We’ll
take advantage of the sunshine
and bask in the warm days
in the heather fields of paradise.

But when the cold wind blows
and sorrow courses the earth,
We’ll float down to the center of Warsaw,
The soldiers of Westerplatte.”


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